Antoine Forqueray – Pièces De Viole Tome I
About the author and this work:
Antoine Forqueray (September 1671 – 28 June 1745) was a French composer and virtuoso of the viola da gamba. Forqueray, born in Paris, was the first in a line of composers who included his brother Michel (1681-1757) and his sons Jean-Baptiste (1699-1782) and Nicolas Gilles (1703-1761). Forqueray was named musicien ordinaire of La Chambre du Roy of Louis XIV in 1689 and played at court. Until 1710, he was accompanied by his wife on the harpsichord in his recitals. In 1730, he retired to Mantes-la-Jolie, where he died in 1745. His son published his works for the viola de gamba in 1747 (two years after his death) together with a version for harpsichord. Marin Marais and Antoine Forqueray were considered by their contemporaries as the two greatest virtuosi of the viola da gamba.
In 1747, two years after his father’s death, Jean-Baptiste Forqueray (1699–1782) published the Pieces de Viole avec la Basse Continuë Composées par Mr Forqueray Le Pere. However, far from being antiquated works from the era of Louis XIV, the combined evidence of Jean-Baptiste’s remarks in the avertissement, a comparison of the manuscript pieces surviving by Antoine Forqueray (1672–1745) [le père] with the Pieces de Viole (which reveals a huge stylistic and technical evolution), and the similarity of the harmony and the virtuoso demands with that of the violin sonatas of Leclair shows the pieces to be progressive mid-18th-century works of Leclair’s circle, and thus effectively the work of the son. This then poses the question: why should Jean-Baptiste, the greatest violist of his generation, publish what are essentially his avant-garde pieces under his deceased father’s name? Was it filial homage? Or did the son believe that his father’s name would give a commercial advantage to an instrument whose popularity was waning? The mystery deepens when one learns that the father, likewise a phenomenal player, became so jealous of his son that he had him first imprisoned and later banished from France on pain of death.
Jordi Savall: Viola
Ton Koopman: Viola
Christophe Coin: clavecín
01. 1re Suite (en re mineur); Allemande La Laborde (6:25)
02. 1re Suite (en re mineur); La Forqueray (2:52)
03. 1re Suite (en re mineur); La Cottin (3:18)
04. 1re Suite (en re mineur); La Bellemont (5:13)
05. 1re Suite (en re mineur); La Portugaise (4:14)
06. 1re Suite (en re mineur); La Couperin (4:24)
07. 2e Suite (en sol majeur); La Bouron (4:13)
08. 2e Suite (en sol majeur); La Mandoline (5:25)
09. 2e Suite (en sol majeur); La Du Breüil (4:39)
10. 2e Suite (en sol majeur); La Leclair (3:04)
11. 2e Suite (en sol majeur); Chaconne. La Buisson (5:43)
Stereo, DDD, MP3, 320 kbps. 49:30 minutes. Covers included.