Franz Schubert – Lieder
Recorded at UFA-Ton-Studio, Berlin between 1966 and 1972.
About the author:
Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828) was an Austrian composer. He wrote some 600 lieder, nine symphonies (including the famous “Unfinished Symphony”), liturgical music, operas, some incidental music, and a large body of chamber and solo piano music. He is particularly noted for his original melodic and harmonic writing.
Schubert was born into a musical family, and received formal musical training through much of his childhood. While Schubert had a close circle of friends and associates who admired his work (amongst them the prominent singer Johann Michael Vogl), wide appreciation of his music during his lifetime was limited at best. He was never able to secure adequate permanent employment, and for most of his career he relied on the support of friends and family. He made some money from published works, and occasionally gave private musical instruction. In the last year of his life he began to receive wider acclaim. He died at the age of 31, apparently of complications from syphilis.
Interest in Schubert’s work increased dramatically in the decades following his death. Composers like Franz Liszt, Robert Schumann and Felix Mendelssohn discovered, collected, and championed his works in the 19th century, as did musicologist Sir George Grove. Franz Schubert is now widely considered to be one of the greatest composers in the Western tradition.
Lied (plural Lieder), is a German word, meaning literally “song”; among English speakers, however, the word is used primarily as a term for European romantic music songs, also known as art songs. More accurately, the term perhaps is best used to describe specifically songs composed to a German poem of reasonably high literary aspirations, most notably during the nineteenth century, beginning with Franz Schubert and culminating with Hugo Wolf. The poetry forming the basis for Lieder often centers upon pastoral themes, or themes of romantic love. Typically, Lieder are arranged for a single singer and piano. Some of the most famous examples of Lieder are Schubert’s Der Tod und Das Madchen (Death and the Maiden) and Gretchen am Spinnrade. Sometimes Lieder are gathered in a Liederkreis or “song cycle”—a series of songs (generally three or more) tied by a single narrative or theme, such as Schumann’s Frauenliebe und Leben or Schumann’s Dichterliebe. The composers Franz Schubert and Robert Schumann are most closely associated with this genre of romantic music.
For German speakers the term Lied has a long history ranging from 12th century troubadour songs (Minnesang) via folk songs (Volkslieder) and church hymns (Kirchenlieder) to 20th-century workers songs (Arbeiterlieder) or protest songs (Kabarettlieder, Protestlieder).
In Germany, the great age of song came in the 19th century. German and Austrian composers had written music for voice with keyboard before this time, but it was with the flowering of German literature in the Classical and Romantic eras that composers found high inspiration in poetry that sparked the genre known as the Lied. The beginnings of this tradition are seen in the songs of Mozart and Beethoven, but it is with Schubert that a new balance is found between words and music, a new absorption into the music of the sense of the words. Schubert wrote over 600 songs, some of them in sequences or song cycles that relate a story—adventure of the soul rather than the body. The tradition was continued by Schumann, Brahms, and Hugo Wolf, and on into the 20th century by Strauss, Mahler and Reutter.
01. Auf dem Wasser zu singen (3:25)
02. Lachen und Weinen (1:45)
03. Du bist die Ruh (4:13)
04. Der Wanderer (5:49)
05. Standchen (3:54)
06. Der Einsame (4:15)
07. Im Abendrot (4:14)
08. An Silvia (2:45)
09. Standchen (Horch, Horch, Die Lerch’) (1:38)
10. Sei Mir GegruBt (3:51)
11. Seligkeit (1:52)
12. Der Lindenbaum (4:43)
13. Die Forelle (2:03)
14. Rastlose Liebe (1:25)
15. Heidenroslein (1:46)
16. An Schwager Kronos (2:52)
17. Wandrers Nachtlied I (Der du von dem Himmel bist) (1:52)
18. Erlkonig (4:18)
19. Der Konig in Thule (3:02)
20. Jagers Abendlied (2:41)
21. Der Musensohn (2:10)
22. Wandrers Nachtlied II (2:31)
Gerald Moore: piano
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau: bariton
Stereo, ADD, mp3, 320 kbps, 161.64 Mb, 67:04 minutes. Covers & info included.