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Johann David Heinichen – Dresden Concerti

Johann David Heinichen – Dresden Concerti

Recorded at the Deutschlandfunk, Sendesaal, Köln between February and March 1992.

About the author:
Johann David Heinichen (17 April 1683 – 16 July 1729) was a German Baroque composer and music theorist who brought the musical genius of Venice to the court of Augustus the Strong in Dresden. Although Heinichen’s music is original, rhythmically exuberant and imaginative, it was inexplicably little known for a long time.
He was born in the small village of Crössuln, near Weissenfels. His father Michael Heinichen had studied music at the celebrated Thomasschule Leipzig associated with the Thomaskirche, served as cantor in Pegau and was pastor of the village church in Crössuln. Johann David also attended Thomasschule Leipzig. There he studied music with Johann Schelle and later received organ and harpsichord lessons with Johann Kuhnau. The future-composer Christoph Graupner was also a student of Kuhnau at the time. Heinichen enrolled in 1702 to study law at the University of Leipzig and in 1705-6 qualified as a lawyer (in the early 18th century the law was a favored route for composers; Kuhnau, Graupner and Georg Philipp Telemann were also lawyers). Heinichen practiced law in Weissenfels until 1709. However, Heinichen maintained his interest in music and was concurrently composing operas. In 1710, he published the first edition of his major treatise on the thoroughbass. He went to Italy and spent seven formative years there, mostly in Venice. In 1717, Heinichen became a colleague of Johann Sebastian Bach at the court of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Cöthen, then went on to be Kapellmeister to the Elector of Saxony. His pupils included Johann Georg Pisendel. In 1721, Heinichen married in Weissenfels and the birth of his only child is recorded in January 1723. In his final years Heinichen’s health suffered greatly and on the afternoon of 16 July 1729, he was buried in the Johannes cemetery after finally succumbing to tuberculosis. His music is enjoying a resurgence of popularity, with some of his masses and his final work, a Magnificat, now receiving some attention in the recording world.

About this recording:
Johann David Heinichen worked at the magnificent court of Dresden from 1717 until his death in 1729, and during the early careers of Bach and Telemann many chroniclers would have named him, not one of them, as Germany’s most renowned composer. This 1992 recording gained a great deal of attention when it was released, for at the time his music had not been much recorded. And it does not sound like Bach, like Telemann, or like the Italian models that Heinichen followed in the composition of music in the concerto grosso genre. His orchestra in the music here is large, sounding a bit like that employed by Handel in the Water Music and perhaps intended for outdoor deployment. There are solo passages for horns, oboes, violins, flute, and recorder, and the music’s textures have an appealing kaleidoscopic quality that emerges in full color in the historical-instrument rendition of Musica Antiqua Köln under Reinhard Goebel. There’s also a stolid quality to much of the thematic material, intensified by Goebel’s low-temperature interpretations; the Italianate style benefits from a bit more fire. Goebel makes a good case for the music in his booklet notes. If we want to understand Dresden, he writes, “that uncommonly peaceable German manifestation of absolutism, we should get to know the concertos of Johann David Heinichen: realistic and straightforward, unusually energetic and sumptuous, sometimes sweet but never weak, and never losing sight, in self-absorption, of their duty to represent the King-Elector to the world.” A few minutes with the Water Music will convince one of the need for music to be about something other than duty, but this disc still fills a space on the Baroque shelf and is certainly a must for anyone visiting Dresden’s increasingly large collection of restored treasures.

Track List:
01. Concerto in F Seibel 234 – I- Vivace (2:32)
02. Concerto in F Seibel 234 – II- Adagio (0:44)
03. Concerto in F Seibel 234 – III- Un poco Allegro (2:23)
04. Concerto in F Seibel 234 – IV- Allegro (2:58)
05. Concerto in F Seibel 235 – I- Vivace (4:16)
06. Concerto in F Seibel 235 – II- Andante (2:24)
07. Concerto in F Seibel 235 – III- Presto (3:34)
08. Concerto in F Seibel 235 – IV- Alla breve (3:31)
09. Concerto in F Seibel 235 – V- Allegro (2:57)
10. Concerto in G Seibel 215 – I- Andante e staccato (3:16)
11. Concerto in G Seibel 215 – II- Vivace (3:07)
12. Concerto in G Seibel 215 – III- Largo (2:12)
13. Concerto in G Seibel 215 – IV- Allegro (3:34)
14. Concerto in G Seibel 214 – I- Vivace (2:35)
15. Concerto in G Seibel 214 – II- Largo (2:40)
16. Concerto in G Seibel 214 – III- Allegro (3:29)
17. Concerto in D Seibel 226 – I- Allegro (3:18)
18. Concerto in D Seibel 226 – II- Adagio (2:48)
19. Concerto in D Seibel 226 – III- Allegro (2:56)
20. Concerto in G Seibel 213 – I- Allegro (2:39)
21. Concerto in G Seibel 213 – II- Larghetto (3:05)
22. Concerto in G Seibel 213 – III- Allegro (3:17)
23. Concerto in G Seibel 213 – IV- Entrée (1:35)
24. Concerto in G Seibel 213 – V- Loure. Cantabile (1:42)
25. Concerto in G Seibel 213 – VI- Tempo de Menuet – Air italienne (3:12)
01. Concerto F-dur Seibel 233 (3:11)
02. Concerto F-dur Seibel 233 (2:11)
03. Concerto F-dur Seibel 233 (3:21)
04. Concerto C-dur Seibel 211 (2:16)
05. Concerto C-dur Seibel 211 (2:33)
06. Concerto C-dur Seibel 211 (1:09)
07. Concerto C-dur Seibel 211 (2:10)
08. Concerto F-dur Seibel 231 (2:19)
09. Concerto F-dur Seibel 231 (2:49)
10. Concerto F-dur Seibel 231 (1:51)
11. Concerto F-dur Seibel 232 (2:25)
12. Concerto F-dur Seibel 232 (3:08)
13. Concerto F-dur Seibel 232 (2:25)
14. Concerto G-dur Seibel 217 (3:35)
15. Concerto G-dur Seibel 217 (2:40)
16. Concerto G-dur Seibel 217 (1:55)
17. Concerto G-dur Seibel 217 (6:47)
18. Concerto G-dur Seibel 214 (Venezia 1715) (2:58)
19. Concerto G-dur Seibel 214 (Venezia 1715) (3:02)
20. Concerto G-dur Seibel 214 (Venezia 1715) (3:35)
21. Adagio – Allegro (3:08)
22. Sonate A-dur Seibel 208 (1:39)
23. Sonate A-dur Seibel 208 (0:46)
24. Sonate A-dur Seibel 208 (0:57)
25. Moll Seibel 240: Vivace (3:04)

The Players:

Stereo, DDD, mp3, 320 kbps, 325.32 Mb, 2 hours 16 minutes. Covers & info included.

Part1 —–   Part2 —–   Part3 —–   Part4